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At Foxdell, we teach Geography through our creative curriculum and as part of our English learning.


Children develop knowledge about the world, the United Kingdom and their locality. They gain an understanding of basic subject-specific vocabulary relating to human and physical geography and begin to use geographical skills, including first-hand observation, to enhance their locational awareness.


To develop locational knowledge, children are taught to name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans as well as to name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.


Children are taught to develop their understanding of geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.


We teach human and physical geography by identifying seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world. Children learn how to use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:

  • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
  • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop.


Children develop their geographical skills and fieldwork through the use of world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage. They learn how to use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language, for example, near and far; left and right, to describe the location of features and routes on a map. 


Children also learn how to use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.